Cardiac And Vein Surgery
Cardiovascular diseases have become serious health problems that are very common in society today. Deaths due to cardiovascular diseases constitute half of all deaths in developed countries. 75% of heart patients are atherosclerotic coronary artery diseases. In the USA, 600,000 people die each year, half of them suddenly, from coronary heart disease. It is four times more common in men than women. The risk is increased in postmenopausal women. Coronary artery disease is more common between the ages of 50-60 in men and 60-70 years in women. Grandmedical helps you in this matter with its expert staff and experienced doctors.
Since its establishment, our hospital aims to be one of the few centers in Turkey in the field of surgical treatment of cardiovascular diseases, with its capacity and number of surgeries. With its 30-bed intensive care unit, 3 operating rooms, equipment and technical equipment, the clinic has extremely modern and comfortable physical conditions for all kinds of surgery for both its employees and patients.
All kinds of operations in adult cardiac surgery, aortic surgery and peripheral vascular surgery are successfully performed 24 hours a day with its experienced staff from physicians to nurses and auxiliary personnel. The support of experienced and equipped cardiology, radiology and anesthesia clinics and the rapid implementation of emergency coronary and peripheral angiographic studies play an important role in performing complex and emergency surgical interventions. Coronary artery bypass operation, valve operation, large vessel operation (thoracic, abdominal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm and aortic dissections), various peripheral vascular operations (carotid endarterectomy), bypass surgery of lower and upper extremity arterial system diseases in adult cardiac surgery in the cardiovascular surgery clinic, Surgical treatment of venous diseases, arteriovenous fistula creation operations for hemodialysis, emergency embolectomy operations in emergency arterial thromboembolic events) as well as surgical treatment of many complex cardiac malformations are performed.
Coronary Disease Symptoms
Typically, angina is a symptom of cardiac muscle ischemia that occurs with increased oxygen demand. It is generally defined as a feeling of pressure on the chest wall, which occurs in activities or situations that increase myocardial oxygen demand. Not all patients have chest pain. Some may only have pain on the neck, jaw, ear, arm or stomach. Other symptoms, such as difficulty breathing and fatigue, may occur. Recognizing angina for the first time can be difficult because the symptoms often resemble other diseases (indigestion, anxiety). There may be a patient who does not have pain, only breathing difficulty, weakness, nausea and vomiting, sweating.
Other complaints of the patient;
The pain is usually described as burning pressure on the chest. It can spread to the neck, shoulder, chin, back to the upper abdomen or arms.
Breathing difficulties caused by exercise can be relieved by pain or rest.
Sweating with sympathetic system stimulation
decreased exercise tolerance
Atypical symptoms such as fatigue, respiratory distress, nausea are more common in diabetics and elderly patients.
Coronary Heart Disease Clinical Types
Stable angina pectoris
Unstable angina pectoris
Asymptomatic CAD (silent ischemia)
Acute Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
Risk Factors You Should Know
High fat level in the blood
High blood fibrinogen levels
Lack of movement
Diagnosis and Treatment
Today, advances in the diagnosis of both congenital and acquired heart diseases and their treatment are carried out successfully. As a result of these advances, it has become clear whether the baby has a heart disease before it is born. From the fifth month of pregnancy, the baby's heart can be visualized by fetal echocardiography. Such congenital anomalies can be detected immediately by making routine examinations and examinations performed immediately after birth. If urgent intervention is required, the patient can be operated immediately, even for 1 day. At the same time, diagnostic and surgical approaches have been modernized in diseases of the vascular and valve systems of the heart.